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How to use AI tools on Interior Design

If you currently have a house or space that needs to be designed and decorated, but you are still hesitant about which style is better, or cannot decide which material and color scheme looks more suitable, of course you can refer to other people's homes that have already designed similar styles to configure the color scheme, but It may not necessarily match your space requirements. You can also seek out an interior design company to provide you with measuring and drawing 3D drawing services, but this requires a certain amount of time and cost.



In view of the fact that AI tools have made certain progress in the field of interior design, we can use this AI tool to help you explore the many complex factors involved in interior design, including space configuration, human needs, material selection, color matching, etc., because The person who knows your personal preferences and needs best is you.

Nowadays, interior design-related AI tools are booming with the help of ChatGPT. It is relatively easy to get started with interior design-related AI tools, but they may have some limitations. If you need a lot of exploration and use with a higher degree of freedom, the following introduces Stable Diffusion + The application of ControlNet in interior design. This tool has a high degree of freedom and is completely free. It can help you brainstorm, obtain inspiration and confirm design style more quickly and accurately, and communicate with interior designers more accurately. Make sure your renovation design meets your needs.



前置作業



讓我們開始產生第一張 AI 設計的3D圖

首先準備好一張您要設計的空間手繪圖片、簡易繪圖或相片如下:




然後按下列的步驟執行-





按下[Generate]後就可得到圖片提供您設計配置配色的靈感。








以住家廚房為範例



Stable Diffusion + ControlNet 室內設計 AIhttps://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-kitchen-300x225.jpg... 300w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-kitchen-1024x768.jp... 1024w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-kitchen-768x576.jpg... 768w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-kitchen-1536x1152.j... 1536w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-kitchen-2048x1536.j... 2048w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-kitchen-1920x1440.j... 1920w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-kitchen-1170x878.jp... 1170w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-kitchen-585x439.jpg... 585w" data-sizes="(max-width: 2560px) 100vw, 2560px" title="如何使用AI室內設計工具" data-ll-status="loaded" sizes="(max-width: 2560px) 100vw, 2560px" srcset="https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-kitchen-scaled.jpg.webp 2560w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-kitchen-300x225.jpg... 300w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-kitchen-1024x768.jp... 1024w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-kitchen-768x576.jpg... 768w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-kitchen-1536x1152.j... 1536w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-kitchen-2048x1536.j... 2048w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-kitchen-1920x1440.j... 1920w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-kitchen-1170x878.jp... 1170w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-kitchen-585x439.jpg... 585w" /> 未裝修前的廚房


以住家房間為範例





商業空間為範例



Stable Diffusion + ControlNet 室內設計 AIhttps://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-resturant-300x161.j... 300w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-resturant-1024x551.... 1024w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-resturant-768x413.j... 768w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-resturant-1536x826.... 1536w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-resturant-2048x1101... 2048w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-resturant-1920x1032... 1920w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-resturant-1170x629.... 1170w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-resturant-585x315.j... 585w" data-sizes="(max-width: 2560px) 100vw, 2560px" title="如何使用AI室內設計工具" data-ll-status="loaded" sizes="(max-width: 2560px) 100vw, 2560px" srcset="https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-resturant-scaled.jpg.webp 2560w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-resturant-300x161.j... 300w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-resturant-1024x551.... 1024w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-resturant-768x413.j... 768w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-resturant-1536x826.... 1536w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-resturant-2048x1101... 2048w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-resturant-1920x1032... 1920w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-resturant-1170x629.... 1170w, https://mhidd.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/06/SD-resturant-585x315.j... 585w" /> 手繪餐廳草稿


參數說明

前面的範例使我們透過改變不同的PROMPT就得到不同且大量的室內裝修風格及配置配色。
目前我們只有使用以文生圖(txt2img)方式,另外以圖生圖(img2img)也十分有用,有機會另文介紹。透過上面的演練,可以知道調整不同的參數,就可以得到不同的參考圖片。重要參數說明如下:
 
  • Stable Diffusion checkpoint : 安裝室內設計模型 XSarchitectural-v11
  • PROMPT : 關鍵字有「正向」與「負向」,並且要用英文輸入,這需要參考更多的範例來瞭解如何撰寫。
  • Width/Height : 預設為 512 x 512。室內設計圖的寬度可以設定768。
  • Sampling Steps : 算圖的步數,與畫質正相關外,還會影響構圖或細節。
  • CFG scale : CFG 代表 Classifier Free Guidance scale。CFG 是控制 Stable Diffusion 與您的文本提示的接近程度的設置。它應用於文本到圖像 (txt2img) 和圖像到圖像 (img2img) 生成。理論上,CFG 值越高,它就越嚴格地按照您的提示進行操作。默認值為 7,這在創作自由和遵循您的方向之間提供了良好的平衡。值為 1 將賦予穩定擴散幾乎完全的自由度,而高於 15 的值則相當受限。
  • Batch count : 一次計算同時產出幾張圖片。
  • Seed : 假設算出一張不錯的圖,想要固定構圖,並調整其他參數時,可以點輸入框旁邊的回收按紐,會填入此次 Seed 值,在新產出的畫面就能維持類似的構圖。
  • Sampling method : 常用的是 DPM++ 2M Karras、DPM++ SDE Karras 和 Euler。

ControlNet參數說明:

  • 勾選enable,才會啟動Controlnet。
  • Preprocessor的意思是要先對圖片做哪一種模式的預處裡。在本文範例中皆使用 lineart_realistic。
  • Model則是會已選定的模式去告訴AI該怎麼畫,原則上你Preprocessor選甚麼Model就選甚麼,除非你知道你自己丟進去的圖片可以對應哪個Model。在本文範例中皆使用 MLSD。
  • 其他的ControlNet參數請參考範例圖片或使用預設值。


用AI室內設計工具是現在進行式:

雖然AI在室內設計中可以提供一些自動化的功能,例如根據給定的參數生成設計方案、預測材料選擇和預測設計趨勢等,但它缺乏人類的直覺、創造力和情感理解能力。AI還無法完全理解人們對於空間和設計的主觀感受,無法感知人們的情感需求和非語言溝通。這些因素對於創造一個真正滿足客戶需求且令人滿意的設計方案至關重要。
 
因此,目前最流行的室內設計AI工具只作為靈感工具和輔助工具,提供一些自動化的功能創意和建議,但最終的決策和創意仍需要與設計師溝通確認,並提供個性化的方案。在可預見的未來,AI會提供更全方位的進階功能來滿足消費者及設計師的需求。


補充說明:

提示詞範例: “interior design, bedroom, high resolution photography, ultradetail, cozy atmosphere”

空間提示詞:
living room / bedroom / bathroom / kitchen / dinning room / study room / home office / gaming room / attic / penhouse / outdoor pool area / outdoor patio / outdoor garden / coworking space / meeting room / workshop
/ fitness gym / coffee shop / clothing store / resturant / office / hotel lobby / hotel room / hotel bathroom / exhibition space / onsen

裝修風格提示詞:
minimalist / nordic / affordable luxury / wabisabi / modern / neoclassic / medieval / farmhouse / retro / halloween / french country / vintage / coastal / japanese design / tribal / rustic / baroque / vaporwave / art nouveau /sketch / maximalist / ski chalet / contemporary / cyberpunk / art deco / scandinavian / bohemian / cottagecore /industrial / biophilic / midcentury modern / zen / tropical / christamas


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